Lee Odden

10 Steps to Optimize Your Content Marketing Strategy

SES New York kicked off with an excellent keynote presentation by David Meerman Scott (interview) followed by a panel on Digital Asset Optimization including Mark Knowles, Chris Boggs and myself. Richard Zwicky moderated.

The rising importance of optimizing one’s digital assets came out of Google and other search engines’ decision to start including information and file types from other sources than their main search index. Some queries trigger search results that go beyond web pages, MS Office docs and PDF files to include sources such as images, blog posts, news, video thumbnails, books and shopping.

While many SEOs were responding to the changed landscape of the Search Engine Results Page (SERP) and optimizing for other file types, many others were already optimizing holistically under the premise of, “What can be searched on can be optimized“.

Most companies are not wired to create the variety of content that can achieve top visibility on search engines. In most cases, search engine optimization efforts are focused on content and digital assets that are currently in place.  Being able to get more marketing impact out of existing content is as much a driver of digital asset optimization as it is a part of a holistic strategy that matches up with the opportunities presented by an ever changing search results page.

In the DAO session at SES New York I presented a historical perspective on digital asset optimization based on when TopRank  started writing about it in 2007. I also talked about the changed search landscape that now includes personal, real-time, social and mobile search. I also discussed the following TopRank 10 Step DAO Content Strategy:

Search & Social Media Keyword Research

Anticipating demand via search is traditionally handled by keyword research tools such Google’s tools, Bing or services like Wordtracker and Keyword Discovery.

As advertising and media placements can drive search, so can social conversations. Social media monitoring tools can help marketers conduct social keyword research as a compliment to search engine based keyword research.

Find out what key language and key topics are being discussed on the social web and you’ll have invaluable insight into content ideas that can provide value for both social media marketing and search engine optimization.

Analyze Search Results Landscape

The output of Universal and real-time search results are not persistent. For example, a search for a particular phrase one day might yield news and image results and on another day display only web pages.

It’s useful to monitor the search results landscape for keyword phrases that you’re after. Understanding the mix of data sources besides the main search engine index can help with the allocation of optimization resources.

If news and real-time results are most common, it may make more sense to focus on content promotion there versus images or video.

Define Buyer Personas & Buying Cycle

Understanding the needs of your customer is marketing 101. Search marketers are becoming more sophisticated in their understanding of customer profiles and developing personas to represent who you’re trying to attract via search is an important step in a content strategy.

Knowing what kind of content and what type of digital asset your customers will best respond to can improve effectivness at driving traffic from the search visibility you’ve achieved through SEO.

The buying cycle is another dimension that warrants attention to make sure you’re creating, promoting and optimizing content that is relevant to where your customers are in their search/research process. Broad concepts usually represent early stages of research versus more specific phrases which often indicate a buyer is closer to purchase.

Inventory Existing Content & Assets

With a more holistic SEO effort, especially one that will incorporate digital assets, it’s important to have a baseline understanding of what you have to work with. Taking inventory of your content and digital assets is something we’ve been recommending for over 3 years and it’s an essential first step.

Having an understanding of current content and digital assets can also uncover content that is ripe for re-purposing. A common example is video that can be deconstructed into multiple, short form videos, single images, transcribed into text or splitting the audio off into a podcast.

Develop an Editorial Plan for New Content

Understanding your search and social media keywords, buyer personas and the assets you have to work with will help identify what new content you’ll need to create.

Adopting the perspective of a publisher, not just a marketer, will help resource allocation, planning and goals/measurement for content creation.

For example, rather than just sending out a press release and publishing a blog post with a new product announcement, a company might, based on search/social keyword research and an understanding of their buyer personas, decide to create a resource page for journalists that includes links to relevant resources, a standard press release, images, PowerPoint, video, past media coverage, executive interviews, audio snippets, demo and appropriate media relations contact info. It would be made easy to bookmark or share this resource page as well.

The assets being linked to from the resource page would be hosted either on the corporate site, optimized of course, or hosted on 3rd party media sharing sites such as Flicrk, YouTube, SlideShare, DocStoc, PRWeb and others.

This provides a richer experience as well as numerous options for interaction. It also offers multiple, potential entry points into the resource page via search, since the optimized digital assets can rank in search results on their own and link to the destination content on the corporate web site.

Map Keywords to Content & Digital Assets

The functional process of implementing search/social keyword research is to map those concepts to the content and assets you have. This helps manage the initial keyword optimization process.

Mapping keywords to the editorial plan is also a useful guide for the future creation and optimization of content. Not only are web pages, images, video and other assets optimized for search, but optimized for customers.

Operationalize Content & Digital Media Creation with SEO

SEO and digital asset optimization are not one-time events. Keyword demand will change and of course, new content and media will be published. To ensure keyword optimization of new content, it’s important to incorporate SEO with established content creation and promotion processes.

That might be updating the corporate styleguide with SEO and keyword usage rules or it might mean making programming changes to the web site’s content management system to prompt content creators with keyword cues when adding text or other media.

Develop Off Page Digital Assets

The beauty of social content is of course, that it’s social! Sharing should be easy and encouraged. Hosting some digital assets on social media sharing sites such as those mentioned above (Flickr, YouTube, Slideshare, DocStoc) can introduce your optimized content to new audiences and attract both traffic and links. More relevant links mean better search engine visibility and web site visitors.

Promote/Syndicate via Distribution Channels

How will anyone know you have excellent content and digital assets if you don’t promote? Dedicate a fixed and persistent effort to developing social networks where your customers and influentials spend their time on the social web. Do the same with social media sharing web sites so that when you post a new video on YouTube for example, your network there can be notified.

Developing distribution channels for content will significantly improve reach and the likelihood of your content being passed on, shared and made socially popular. Email newsletters, RSS, Ping.fm and TwitterFeed services are good examples of content distribution services that help promote content efficiently.

Ongoing Measurement with Web, Social and Search Analytics

Search marketing professionals are well aware of the value from web and search analytics that measure search visibility performance as well as web site interactions and conversions. The importance of social media monitoring and analytics is also essential for a DAO Content strategy.

On the front end, social media monitoring tools can help you identify conversations and influentials that are meaningful to the topics and customers your marketing efforts are trying to reach. Social keyword research can in part, be accomplished by some social media monitoring tools. Those same tools are essential for measuring the social impact of your digital asset and social media optimization efforts.

A simple cycle would be one where you’ve identified new keyword topics beginning to buzz on the social web and taking that cue to create content. Promote that content through your social networks and use social media monitoring to track the effects of your content contributions to the larger conversation on the topic. Use web analytics to measure any increase in search based traffic based on the growing popularity and awareness of the topic based in part, on your contributions and social interactions.

With an Optimized Content Strategy, there’s good news and bad news.

The good news is that by following these 10 steps, a significant impact can be achieved in overall authority for the topics and keyword concepts focused on as well as the ability to attract new business, media coverage and employees.

The bad news is that it’s not easy. Making the commitment to serving customers with content and media on an ongoing basis, indefinitely without the initial ability to forecast ROI will make many companies say, “Great idea and it makes sense, but not for us.”

However, those companies that make the effort to really understand and implement these fundamental concepts are making an investment with a payoff that is very long term and with momentum, very signifcant. Some companies will be able to “come out of nowhere” and dominate their category by following these 10 guidelines for an optimized content marketing strategy.

Live blogging coverage of the Digital Asset Optimization session at SES New York was provided by:

And this article on Holistic SEO with Digital Asset Optimization was recently posted on ClickZ

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Lee Odden About Lee Odden

@LeeOdden is the CEO of TopRank Marketing and editor of Online Marketing Blog. Cited for his expertise by The Economist, Forbes and the Wall Street Journal, he's the author of the book Optimize and presents internationally on B2B marketing topics including content, search, social media and influencer marketing. When not at conferences, consulting, or working with his talented team, he's likely running, traveling or cooking up something new.


  1. Great piece, its working for us already. If only some of the CEO’s who run the major companies would take time to understand the sesemic changes going on out there then maybe jobs would not be lost.

    • I suppose there is a correlation between marketing that works and revenue and therefore profitability which allows companies to pay employees. It applies to CEOs of all companies though, not just large businesses.

  2. Interesting overview of an optimized content marketing strategy and the role DAO (can) play in staying customer-focused.

  3. Great building blocks. Well thought out, Thanks for sharing this.

    Definitely helps with the 'Mind Mapping' strategies needed for success.

  4. Great article. I will most definitely employ these techniques to optimize our keywords.

    Keep up the great work.

  5. I like the techniques you suggested. It is a very insightful post.

  6. Avatar puregeniusmarketing says

    This is a great post. It brings clarity and provides an excellent outline for a powerful online marketing strategy. Thanks Keep up the good work.

  7. Avatar Peter Sabbagh says

    All good recommendations – you may want to suggest social media metrics, there are companies such as memcatch.com that have metrics to show you how popular your piece of information is after it has been shared. You can see which sites are producing the most value for your efforts. This is a great way to monitor your productivity in a personal forum, or for professional social media campaign.

    • Peter, social media metrics are the 10th suggestion. We just didn't mention your company. Social monitoring and social search services provide similar functions. Some offer dashboards with saved reports and others focus on search results. Both are helpful for understanding the impact of a company's content marketing efforts on the social web.

  8. Avatar divulgarsite says

    excellent article very relevant. we put all the learning acquired in this post into practice in the Brazil seo here. thanks

  9. Avatar loewenstark says

    Wow – exellent and very detailed post. I thought it's easier 😉 Thanks

  10. Avatar davefinkelstein says

    Yes excellent post, some new info, not the same regurgitated info

  11. Avatar buildanichestore says

    i must say its an amazing post
    having lot of information
    thanks for sharing it with us:)

  12. Great information, these are some great strategies that we can apply and implement immediately.
    Thanks again

  13. This information helped me thanks. Ill bookmark this to use it as advise to help me in the long run.

  14. Avatar seomasters1 says

    yeh, thanks a lot for the information. Really like this article.

  15. Great post!

    Your smart point about content for each stage of the buying cycle mirrors Marketing Sherpa’s #3 lead generation best practice: “CREATE CONTENT FOR EACH STAGE OF THE SALES CYCLE“.

    Here is a quick practical guide on how we map content for each stage.

    First, model your pipeline by understanding the different stages a customer goes through when deciding to do business with you. They key is to keep it simple (4-5 stages) while identifying meaningful differences in “what you customer wants to know”. Here is the model we use as a strawman for our clients.

    Key Decision Stages by Information Need

    -Defining requirements: stating the problem
    -Gathering information: finding solutions
    -Evaluating alternatives: comparing solutions
    -Final decision: committing to an alternative

    And at each stage of the decision process you need to target your content to address differences in what your customer wants to know

    1. Defining requirements: stating the problem.

    Prospects are casting a wide net and may or may not have an idea what the solution will be
    The information seeking has a broad focus using more generic and high-level search terms and keywords They may be seeing assistance with definition, scope, and internal buy-in.

    2. Gathering information: finding solutions

    Prospects are searching for available options that will meet their requirements
    Keywords and search terms will be more specific and will start to reflect solution alternatives or categories. Their goal is developing a short-list of viable alternatives

    3. Evaluating alternatives: comparing solutions

    Porspects are looking for information specific to how a solution alternative will work in their context. They are seeking comparisons between short-listed alternatives, peer reviews, referrals, and experiences

    4. Final decision: committing to an alternative

    Prospects have a solid understanding of how each alternative measures up and the decision maker is trying to get comfortable with committing to one of the decision alternatives. They are managing questions from various stakeholders.

    We then map specific differences in what each segment wants to know. The mapping tool posted here http://bit.ly/decision-stages is the tool we use to simply map these target segments, decision stages and content opportunities against available and to be developed content.

    • Thanks for the blog post within a blog post Scott. I've never thought to post entire web pages or blog posts as comments to other agency blogs! 🙂

      • Thanks for the comment Lee!

        We love your content, even if we are an agency. And we believe that sometimes really great content deserves a long post but in fairness we always try to add a new angle to the conversation.


  16. Thanks for the comment Lee!

    We love your content, even if we are an agency. And we believe that sometimes really great content deserves a long post but in fairness we always try to add a new angle to the conversation.


  17. great and so thanks again
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  19. Avatar tatianatugbaeva says

    Thank you for the great post, Lee! I would like to comment on the paragraph about promoting and syndicating content via distribution channels. Social media has an enormous power to fuel search results. One of the most important things a company can do for SEO is to re-purpose and optimize its content across multiple social media platforms and make it easy for people to share.

  20. Very nice article to cover DAO, Have you any more content on DAO, Please provide if yes.